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   Three-Dimensional Cfd Modeling of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics of Al2o3/Water Nanofluid in Microchannel Heat Sink With Eulerian-Eulerian Approach  
نویسنده Najafabadi H. Hadi ,Keshavarz Moraveji M.
منبع Iranian Journal Of Chemical Engineering - 2016 - دوره : 13 - شماره : 4 - صفحه:46 -61
چکیده    In this paper, threedimensional incompressible laminar fluid flow in a rectangular microchannel heat sink (mchs) using al2o3/water nanofluid as a cooling fluid is numerically studied. cfd prediction of fluid flow and forced convection heat transfer properties of nanofluid using singlephase and twophase model (eulerian-eulerian approach) are compared. hydraulic and thermal performance of microchannels are investigated according to the results of the friction factor, pumping power, average heat transfer coefficient, thermal resistance, average temperature of the walls and entropy generation. in addition, due to the cfd results, two correlations for predication of nusselt number and friction factor are presented. comparing the predicted nusselt number using singlephase and two-phase models with experimental data shows that the twophase model is more accurate than singlephase model. the results show that increasing the volume fraction of nanoparticles leads to increases the heat transfer coefficient and reduces the heat sink wall temperature, but it leads to the undesirable effect of increase in pumping power and total entropy generation.
کلیدواژه Nanofluid ,Microchannel ,Convective Heat Transfer ,Friction Factor ,Entropy Generation ,Cfd
آدرس Amirkabir University Of Technology, Department Of Chemical Engineering, ایران, Amirkabir University Of Technology, Department Of Chemical Engineering, ایران
پست الکترونیکی moraveji@aut.ac.ir

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