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   Production of Bio-Gasoline With High Octane Number, As A Renewable Transportation Biofuel, Via Thermochemical Conversion of Castor Oil  
نویسنده Parvizsedghy R. ,Alibolandi M. ,Sadrameli M.
منبع Iranian Journal Of Chemical Engineering - 2020 - دوره : 17 - شماره : 3 - صفحه:3 -23
چکیده    Vegetable oils are proved as valuable feedstocks in the biofuel production. some common issues of cracking of vegetable oils–as an effective method for the biofuel production are related to the glycerol decomposition during the cracking process. transesterification, which can remove glycerol from vegetable oil molecules, is performed before the thermal cracking to adjust the problems. this study has been aimed at surveying the efficiency of transesterification and the thermal cracking integration to produce biogasoline and biooil from castor oil. in transesterification, methanol as alcohol and koh as catalyst were used, and the catalyst concentration, reaction temperature, and alcohol to oil ratio were effective variables. statistical studies demonstrated the interactions among parameters and the yield of the methyl ester production as 96.7 % under the optimized conditions. results showed that in the thermal cracking two parameters, of the feed flowrate and temperature, influenced the product yield significantly without any interaction. under the optimum conditions, to maximize the biogasoline production, 28 % of biogasoline and     88.6 % of biooil were produced. the lack of acrolein, as a toxic component, the negligible amount of the generated water in the product, the high octane number, the significant amount of the heat of combustion of biogasoline, and being in criteria of standard gasoline as per astm d4814 for the distillation curve and rvp of biogasoline, were the great advantages of the cracking of the transesterified caster oil. therefore, the biogasoline produced via the thermochemical conversion of castor oil could be used as a fuel for sparkignition engines or as an octane enhancer with gasoline, i.e., by adding 10 % of biogasoline to the refinery gasoline, the octane number increased from 95 to 105.
کلیدواژه Thermal Cracking ,Transesterification ,Optimization ,Castor Methyl Ester ,Bio-Gasoline ,Octane Number
آدرس German University Of Technology In Oman (Gutech), Department Of Engineering, Oman, Tarbiat Modares University, Department Of Chemical Engineering, Iran, German University Of Technology In Oman (Gutech), Department Of Engineering, Oman. Tarbiat Modares University, Department Of Chemical Engineering, Iran
پست الکترونیکی seyed.sadrameli@gutech.edu.om

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