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   Modeling of Nanofiltration of Low Concentration Pb(Ii) Aqueous Solutions Using A Coupled Concentration Polarization and Pore Flow Model  
نویسنده Fadhil Sufyan
منبع Iranian Journal Of Chemical Engineering - 2019 - دوره : 16 - شماره : 4 - صفحه:12 -22
چکیده    In this paper, the performance of nanofiltration membrane process in removing pb(ii) from aqueous solution was modeled by the pore flowconcentration polarization model. the model was fabricated based on the simultaneous resolving of extended nernst–planck equation(enp), film theory, and osmotic pressure model. the effects of various operational parameters such as the applied pressure, feed concentration, and crossvelocity on lead pb(ii) ion rejection and solvent flux were investigated. the applied pressure, feed concentration, and crossvelocity varied between 1050 bar, 515 ppm, and 0.21.2 m/s, respectively. it was found that lead rejection increased initially and reached the maximum value; then, it decreased with a further increase in pressure, while solvent flux increased linearly within the whole pressure range. this phenomenon is attributed mainly to the developed concentration polarization layer. this effect was significantly decreased with increasing crossvelocity to 1.2 m/s. ultimately, the proposed model successfully predicted the filtration process in terms of real and observed rejections as well as solvent flux.
کلیدواژه Membrane ,Nanofiltration ,Enp ,Concentration ,Polarization ,Lead
آدرس University Of Anbar, College Of Engineering, Department Of Chemical And Petrochemical Engineering, Iraq
پست الکترونیکی sufyanfadh@gmail.com

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