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   تحلیل موانع بهره‌گیری از رویکرد توسعه میان افزا مطالعه موردی: شهر اهواز  
نویسنده آروین محمود ,زنگنه شهرکی سعید
منبع شهر پايدار - 1399 - دوره : 3 - شماره : 1 - صفحه:71 -87
چکیده    توجه به ظرفیت‌های توسعه‌ای درون شهر (توسعه میان افزا)، امروزه به‌عنوان یکی از سیاست‌های مهم در حوزه برنامه‌ریزی شهری جهت مقابله با پدیده گسترش شهرها موردقبول واقع‌شده است. برخلاف سایر سیاست‌های توسعه شهری با توجه به اینکه در بستر موجود و با حضور ساکنان و شهروندان و واحدهای همسایگی صورت می‌پذیرد موضعی پیچیده، چندوجهی، میان بخشی است که نه‌فقط یک کار فیزیکی، کالبدی و شهرسازی است بلکه دارای ابعاد قوی اجتماعی، فرهنگی، اقتصادی و زیست‌محیطی نیز می‌باشد. بنابراین استفاده از این رویکرد، بدون توجه به بسترهای مناسب و شناسایی موانع آن، قابل تحقق نیست. هدف اصلی این پژوهش تحلیل موانع بهره‌گیری از توسعه میان افزا در شهر اهواز می‌باشد. این پژوهش ازنظر هدف، کاربردی و ازنظر روش، توصیفی –تحلیلی است. جامعه آماری پژوهش، مدیران و کارشناسان شهرداری اهواز می‌باشند با استفاده از نمونه‌گیری هدفمند، 40 نفر به‌عنوان حجم نمونه انتخاب گردید. جهت تحلیل داده‌ها از تحلیل عاملی تاییدی مرتبه دوم در نرم‌افزار آموس 24 استفاده‌شده است. در این پژوهش، از ابعاد اقتصادی، اجتماعی، اداری و قانونی با 21 شاخص مشاهده‌پذیر استفاده گردید. نتایج حاصل نشان می‌دهد مدیران و کارشناسان معتقدند که عوامل قانونی اداری با ضریب بیشترین تاثیر را بر عدم تحقق و اجرای رویکرد توسعه میان افزا در شهر اهواز دارد و بعدازآن متغیر اقتصادی با ضریب 0.94 متغیر اجتماعی با ضریب 0.66 متغیر کالبدی با ضریب 0.55 به ترتیب بیشترین تا کمترین تاثیر را بر عدم تحقق اجرای توسعه میان افزا در شهر اهواز دارند.
کلیدواژه توسعه میان افزا، موانع توسعه، شهر اهواز، تحلیل عاملی تاییدی
آدرس دانشگاه تهران, ایران, دانشگاه تهران, ایران
پست الکترونیکی saeed.zanganeh@ut.ac.ir
   Investigation barriers infill development approach (case study: Ahvaz City)  
Authors Arvin Mahoood ,Zanganeh Saeed
Abstract    Extended AbstractIntroductionIn recent years, Ahvaz has experienced an inharmonic and wide growth that has led to the formation of wornout textures, informal settlements and many wastelands around the city that also affect the surrounding textures and promote social issues. Also, due to the increasing of population, the migration process to the city and the lack of proper services and infrastructure, the use of these lands can provide the needs of the citizens. By using these lands instead of the suburbs (such as the Ekbatan neighborhood) the unnecessary growth of the city can be prevented. Utilization of urban infrastructure, reducing the encroachment of suburban agricultural land, preventing growth of the city in order to reduce the vulnerability against flooding due to increased impermeable surfaces, reducing builtup areas due to the effect of increasing temperatures, preventing distances between downtown and suburban neighborhood of the city indicate the necessity of using the infill development approach in Ahvaz. As mentioned above, this approach has a complex structure due to the involvement of different departments and institutions. Without identifying and analyzing the barriers of using infill development, this approach would not be possible in Ahvaz; therefore, the main purpose of this research is investigation the barriers of using infill development in Ahvaz. In this regard, the research questions are presented as follows: What are the most important barriers to adopt an infill development approach?What is the most important barriers to use the infill development approach in Ahvaz? MethodologyThe main purpose of this research is to analyze the barriers of using infill development in Ahvaz. The statistical population of the research is Ahvaz municipality managers and experts that 40 samples were selected by using of purposeful sampling. The secondorder confirmation factor analysis is used to analyze the data in Amos software. In this research, economic, social, administrativelegal dimensions were used with 21 indicators. Results and discussionIn this research, four social, economic, administrativelegal and physical dimensions were used as firstlevel latent variables and infill development as secondorder latent variables. Social variable with 6, economic variable with 8, legal and administrative with 5 and physical variable with 2 observable indicators were used in the model. The magnitude of the regression effect is between 0 and 1 and the closer it is to the 1, the greater the concept of impact. According to the results, the administrativelegal variable with a factor of 1, the economic variable with a factor of 0/94, a social variable with a factor of 0/66, a physical variable with a factor of 0/55 have obtained the most to the least effect, respectively. In the social variable, the nonparticipation index with the factor of 0/62 has the highest coefficient, followed by the indexes of contrasting municipal and citizen benefits, lack of awareness of land and texture development advantages, the conflict of municipal benefits with other organs, contrasting citizens’ interests and conflicting municipal profits with developers are located. In terms of economic dimension, economic disadvantages for developers and the reluctance of corporations and banks to lend have the highest coefficient of 0/66. Thereafter, Land price indicators (especially in the middle textures), land speculation and stock exchange, citizens’ inability to afford, the cost of incity projects over marginal projects, the costs of land acquisition and consolidation, and the high costs of obtaining development permits and building permits are placed, respectively. In the legaladministrative variable, the highest coefficient is related to the land use regulations and detailed plan. Subsequent indicators include long administrative licensing process, lack of a welldeveloped plan for land development and texture improvement, availability of governmentowned and militaryowned land, and extension of time to improve networks and infrastructure. In the physical aspect, the index of lack of infrastructure and suitable facilities has gained a higher score (0/65) than the proximity index of land and textures with intrusive land uses (repair shop, railways) and suburban settlements. ConclusionsIn order to achieve sustainable urban development in Ahvaz, infill development approach must be considered as an efficient strategy for disciplining urban sustainable development. This protects the city from unnecessary expansion while preserving the environment and agricultural lands. To achieve such sustainability, accurate planning is needed that include optimal use of wasteland, planning for the wornout and inefficient textures of the city, etc. Planning for the use of lands and textures and intensifying their use requires examining and removing barriers. In this regard, the most important barriers of using infill development were identified through library studies. The results show that managers and experts believe that legal and administrative factors with a coefficient of 1, has the greatest effect on the lack of realization and implementation of the infill development approach in Ahvaz city and after that economic variable with coefficient 0/94, social variable with coefficient 0/66 physical variables with coefficient of 0/55 have been the most to the least effect on failure to implement infill development in Ahvaz, respectively

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