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   the role of economy in taxi drivers’ safety: a qualitative study  
   
نویسنده mehri mahsa ,khazaee-pool maryam ,arghami shirazeh
منبع journal of human, environment and health promotion - 2018 - دوره : 4 - شماره : 1 - صفحه:26 -32
چکیده    background: economic pressures are important factors contributing to accidents. despite the importance of economic factors in the safety of taxi drivers, a few literatures have referred to these factor.methods: this research was a phenomenology study. the purposive sampling was used, so, 18 taxi drivers with the average 43.05 ±10.22 years old participated in the study of whom, 12 took part in individual indepth interviews (idis) and 6 participated in a focus group discussion (fgd). the bengtson rsquo;s method (2016) was adopted to analyze qualitative data using content analysis.results: two themes interlacing the impact of taxi drivers rsquo; economic pressure on their safety were identified. the themes referred to taxi drivers rsquo; occupational expenses and livelihood concerns. each of the themes were consisted of two categories, namely competition for passenger, taxikeeping expenses and stability, adequacy of income, and undesirable household economic conditions, respectively.conclusion: this study showed the significant impact of economic pressure on the safety of taxi drivers as participants repeatedly reported unsafe driving behaviors in order to increase income. they also stated that issues such as unemployment and inflation caused many people to enter this occupation which led to dangerous competition over passengers and subsequent aberrant driving behaviors.
کلیدواژه taxi drivers ,traffic ,accident ,economic pressure ,unsafe driving behavior.
آدرس zanjan university of medical sciences, school of public health, department of health, safety and environment management, ایران, zanjan university of medical sciences, school of public health, department of health education and promotion, ایران, zanjan university of medical sciences, school of public health, department of occupational health engineering, ایران
پست الکترونیکی arghami@zums. ac. ir
 
 

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