>
Fa   |   Ar   |   En
   economic inequality and infant, under-5-year-old, maternal, and crude mortality rates  
   
نویسنده almasi hashiani amir ,ayubi erfan ,fahimfar noushin ,khosravi ahmad ,karamzad nahid ,safiri saeid
منبع journal of archives in military medicine - 2015 - دوره : 3 - شماره : 3 - صفحه:1 -0
چکیده    background]mortality indices are among the most important health indicators in every country. on the other hand, mortality has an unequal distribution in different socioeconomic levels.[objectives]we sought to evaluate the association between economic inequality and infant, under5yearold, maternal, and crude mortality rates in the world.[patients and methods]in this ecological study, data on 196 countries were obtained from the world bank to assess the relation between economic inequality and mortality in 2013. per capita gross domestic product (gdp), gross national income (gni), outofpocket index, and per capita health expenditure were extracted as economic variables. data analysis was performed using stata, version 12.[results]the results showed that poorer countries had higher rates of infant, under5yearold, and maternal mortality. among the economic indicators, per capita health expenditure, per capita gdp, and gni had an important role in creating disparities, whereas the outofpocket index had no impact.[conclusions]per capita gdp, gni, and per capita health expenditure played a significant role in creating disparities. since per capita gdp and gni are less variable, an increase in health expenditure can reduce inequality in mortality rates.
کلیدواژه socioeconomic factors ,infant mortality ,maternal mortality ,child mortality
آدرس arak university of medical sciences, school of health, department of epidemiology and biostatistics, iran, tehran university of medical sciences, school of public health, department of epidemiology and biostatistics, iran, tehran university of medical sciences, school of public health, department of epidemiology and biostatistics, iran, shahroud university of medical sciences, center for health-related social and behavioral sciences research, iran, tabriz university of medical sciences, nutrition research center, school of nutrition, department of community nutrition, iran, maragheh university of medical sciences, school of nursing and midwifery, department of public health, iran
پست الکترونیکی s-safiri@razi.tums.ac.ir
 
 

Copyright 2015
Islamic World Science Citation Center
All Rights Reserved