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   مخاطب شناسی در آیه 126 نحل  
نویسنده واثقی راد محمد حسین
منبع پژوهش هاي تفسير تطبيقي - 1400 - دوره : 7 - شماره : 2 - صفحه:171 -188
چکیده    سه دیدگاه در شان نزول و مخاطب آیه 126 نحل وجود دارد. مشهور است که این آیات در جریان جنگ احد نازل شد و مخاطب آن فقط پیامبر(ص) است. زمانی که مشرکان قریش جنازه حضرت حمزه یا همه شهدا را مثله کردند، آن حضرت خواستند برای  انتقام، سی نفر و به روایتی هفتاد نفر از آن‌ها را مثله کنند که این آیات نازل شد و از مجازات بازداشت. برای اثبات این موضوع، به روایت ابن‌عباس و ابوهریره استناد کرده‌اند که از نظر سند ضعیف و از نظر محتوا مخدوش است و با شخصیت پیامبر(ص) وآموزه‌های دینی سازگار نیست. دیدگاه دیگر آن است که این موضوع سخنان انصار بوده که خواستند انتقام شهدا را بگیرند و آیات در فتح مکه نازل شده و به روایت ابی‌بن‌کعب استناد شده که صحیحه است. یافته‌های این مقاله نشان می‌دهد که این آیه وآیات مرتبط، پیش از هجرت نازل شده و شان نزول خاصی ندارد و مخاطب آن عام و همه مسلمانان درتمام زمان‌ها هستند. ظاهر این آیات نیز دلیل است که همانند تعدادی از آیات دیگر حکم کلی را بیان فرموده است.
کلیدواژه پیامبر(ص)، انصار، جنگ احد، حمزه، مجازات
آدرس دانشگاه هنر, ایران
پست الکترونیکی m.h.vatheghyrad@gmail.com
   Identifying the Audiences of (Q. 16:126)  
Authors Vatheghy-Rad Mohammad Hosein
Abstract    Received: 2021/6/1  |   Accepted: 2021/10/18here are three viewpoints regarding the occasion of (Q. 16:126)’s revelation, as well as identifying its direct audiences. According to the first viewpoint, which seems the most popular one within Muslim scholars, the verse was revealed during the Uḥud battlefield, and its only addressee is the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) himself. The narration explains that the Prophet wanted to take revenge on the Quraysh pagans, mutilating bodies of thirty or seventy of their slains, for the bloodlust of Ḥamza and other Muslim martyrs who were tragically mutilated by them. Thus, according to the first viewpoint, the mentioned versed was revealed and forbade Muhammad from doing so. of course, it is referred to two narrations from Ibn ʿAbbās and Abu Ḥurayra to prove it. Nonetheless, these narrationes are weak ones in terms of isnād and unreliable in terms of content as well. Moreover, they seem incompatible with the wellknown personality of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), as well as his religious teachings. However, there is another viewpoint that refers to a narration from Ubayy b. Kaʿb, according to which, the verse in question was related to the words of anṣār and was revealed in the occasion of the conquest of Mecca. Although this second narration seems correct in terms of isnad, its content should be considered vague and false. Besides, the literal meaning of the verse gives no such an indication. The present article, which suggest the third viewpoint in this regard, attempts to indicate that this verse was revealed before the Prophet’s migration to Medina, and its revelation was not affected by any special occasion, including the above mentioned suggested ones. On the basis of the textual appearances of the verse, it seems that (Q. 16:126) is stating a general ruling, like many other Qur’anic verses, without limiting its audience to any specific individual.VatheghyRad, M.H. (2022) Identifying the Audiences of (Q. 16:126). Biannual Journal of Comparative Exegetical Researches, 7 (14) 169188. Doi: 10.22091/PTT.2021.5404.1744.

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