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   The Frequency of Temporomandibular Disorder (Tmd) in Boxers, With Membership Record in National Team of the Islamic Republic of Iran  
   
نویسنده Jamalpour Mohammad R. ,Imani Mohammad Moslem ,Saffar Shahroudi Atefe ,Oladzadeh Sina
منبع Iranian Journal Of Orthodontics - 2015 - دوره : 10 - شماره : 2 - صفحه:1 -5
چکیده    Background: facial trauma is a common sport-related injury and risk of this injury in contact sports is greater than non-contact sports. facial trauma has been suggested as a possible etiologic factor of temporomandibular disorder (tmd).objectives: the purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency of tmd and its clinical manifestation in boxers of islamic republic of iran national team.materials and methods: in this study, thirty-two male players with average age of 23.75 ± 2.21 who were playing boxing more than 6 years were evaluated regarding tmd. after taking the history, a clinical examination was performed for each athlete. the presence of at least a sign or symptom was considered as tmd diagnosis. data were collected and presented as descriptive findings.results: of 32 boxers, 28.1% (9 cases) had tmd and 71.9% (23 cases) were healthy. the most common symptom was ante-auricular pain (25%) followed by neck pain (21.87%) right ante-auricular tenderness (9.37%) muscle tenderness (9.37%), neck tenderness (9.37%) and headache (3.12%). the uppermost sign was right joint click (25%) followed by left joint click (12.5%) and jaw deviation during mouth opening (12.5%).average age of (25 ± 2 years) and boxing record (10.44 ± 2.29 years) of athletes with tmd were higher than average age of (23.26 ± 2.4 years) and boxing record (7.26 ± 1.76 years) of athletes without tmd.conclusions: this study showed that the prevalence of various sign and symptoms of tmd is relatively high in boxers which could result from boxing-related facial trauma.
کلیدواژه Facial Trauma ,Sports Injury ,Temporomandibular Disorder ,Temporomandibular Joint
آدرس Hamadan University Of Medical Sciences, Faculty Of Dentistry, Department Of Maxillofacial Surgery, ایران, Kermanshah University Of Medical Sciences, Faculty Of Dentistry, Department Of Orthodontics, ایران, Lorestan University Of Medical Sciences, Faculty Of Dentistry, Department Of Orthodontics, ایران
 
 

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