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   mapping qtls with additive effects and additive × additive epistatic interactions for harvest index in wheat (triticum aestivum l.)  
   
نویسنده hamza hamza ,asghari ali ,mohammadi abolghasem ,sofalian omid ,mohammadi soleiman ,nouraein mojtaba
منبع journal of plant physiology and breeding - 2019 - دوره : 9 - شماره : 2 - صفحه:67 -76
چکیده    to map quantitative trait loci (qtl) for harvest index, 148 recombinant inbred lines and their parents, yecora rojo and an iranian landrace line (no. 49), were evaluated under normal and terminal water deficit stress conditions in the research stations of mahabad university and miyandoab agricultural research center, iran, during 2014 and 2015. the experiment was carried out as design alpha lattice design with two replications. a linkage map of 51 retrotransposon and 177 microsatellite markers was used in this investigation. quantitative trait loci (qtl) for additive effects and additive × additive interactions were determined by qtl network 2.0 software using cim and mixedlinear methods. qtl analysis revealed that under normal condition, six qtls (r²a= 0.04 to 12.0%), two qtl × environment (e) interactions (r²ae= 6.28%), five additive × additive epistatic effects (r²aa= 0.7 to 8.68%) and 12 additive × additive × e (r²aae= 3.76 to 11.4%) were significant. under water deficit stress conditions, two qtls (r²a= 5.0 to 7.0%), two additive × additive interactions (r²aa= 3.72 to 5.48%) and seven additive × additive × e interactions (r²aae= 8.04 to 9.58) were identified. among the eight qtls identified, three qtls were located on chromosome 2d, suggesting the importance of this chromosome in controlling harvest index, which may be used for marker assisted selection in breeding programs.
کلیدواژه epistasis; harvest index; microsatellite marker; qtl; retrotransposon; wheat
آدرس agricultural research, education and extension organization (areeo), agricultural and natural resources research center of hamedan, sugar beet research department, iran, university of mohaghegh ardabili, faculty of agriculture and natural resources, department of agronomy and plant breeding, iran, university of tabriz, faculty of agriculture, department of plant breeding and biotechnology, iran, university of mohaghegh ardabili, faculty of agriculture and natural resources, department of agronomy and plant breeding, iran, agricultural research, education and extension organization (areeo), west azerbaijan agricultural and natural resources research center, seed and plant improvement research department, iran, faculty of agriculture university of maragheh, department of agronomy and plant breeding, iran
 
 

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