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   influence of textile dyes on some morphological, biochemical and physiological characteristics of broad bean (vicia faba l.)  
   
نویسنده bahojb-almasi ata ,hasannejad sirous ,aghdasinia hassan ,zare nahandi fariborz
منبع journal of plant physiology and breeding - 2019 - دوره : 9 - شماره : 2 - صفحه:47 -56
چکیده    an experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of textile dyes on some morphological and biochemical traits of board bean at a greenhouse of university of tabriz, iran, in 2016. three types of dye (acid yellow, acid red, direct blue) and five dye concentrations (0, 30, 50, 70 and 90 mg/l) were studied using a factorial experiment based on randomized complete block design with three replications. treatments were applied at seedling, preflowering and flowering stages. in this experiment, seed number, leaf number, peroxidase (pox) and catalase (cat) activities, decolorization percentage and protein content were measured at all three stages of development.  results indicated that the effect of dye concentrations was significant on pox, cat, leaf number, seed number and decolorization percentage at preflowering and flowering stages, and on protein content at all stages, whereas type of dye only had significant effect on seed number, protein content at preflowering and on cat activity at both preflowering and flowering stages. interaction of dye type with dye concentration was only significant for decolorization percentage at preflowering and flowering stages. the greatest increase in pox and cat activities, and protein content were observed with 90 mg/l dye concentration at both preflowering and flowering stages; however, highest seed number were observed with the control treatment (0 mg/l dye concentrations) at preflowering and flowering stages. we may conclude that although absorbing dye by plants imposed a stress on them, but they were able to survive under this stress. therefore, we might consider broad bean as one of the efficient plants for phytoremediation.
کلیدواژه broad bean; decolorization; dye; phytoremediation; seed number
آدرس university of tabriz, faculty of agriculture, department of plant ecophysiology, iran, university of tabriz, faculty of agriculture, department of plant ecophysiology, iran, university of tabriz, faculty of chemical and petroleum engineering, iran, university of tabriz, faculty of agriculture, department of horticultural science, iran
 
 

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